By Jeannette Holland Austin
Village of Powhatan Indians. Indians cohabitated in townships of from fifty to five hundred families. Each town was known as a kingdom. The construction of houses consisted of stick saplings into the ground by one end, and bend the other at the top, fastening them together by strings made of fibrous roots, the rind of trees or the green wood of the white oak. The smallest houses or cabins was conical like a bee-hive, while the larger structures were oblong and covered with a bark of trees. The windows were little holes left open for the passage of light, which were stopped up with bark in bad weather. The chimney was a little hole at the top of the house to dispel smoke, and the fire is made in the middle of the cabin. The door was a pendent mat when the Indians are near home, but barricaded with great logs of wood set against the mat when they are out of town. Powhatan County VA Genealogy Resources
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