Rosegill Plantation was built ca 1650 near Urganna, Virginia. This was the home of Ralph Wormeley, an early emigrant of some means. A Huguenot exile who visited Rosegill as early as 1686, recorded that the master's residence comprised at least twenty structures. "When I reached his place," this Frenchman wrote, "I thought I was entering a rather large village, but later on was told that all of it belonged to him." This large complex houses offices which were near the great house and utilized as as counting-rooms, schoolrooms, and sleeping quarters for the sons of the family as well as for a variety of other purposes. Other buildings which supported the agricultural business of the plantation was the kitchen, wash-house, dairy, and smoke-house. Other housekeeping builds were usually set farther away in order to keep the mansion cool in summer and free it of the noise and odors of cooking. The lower floors of the manor house were devoted entirely to social purposes. The halls and chambers were generally panelled in native pine or walnut, and the symmetry of the paneling, the deeply recessed windows, and the excellent proportion of the doors and mantels imparted dignity and beauty to the rooms. The effect was heightened by fine carving, and occasionally the pink or orange tones of mantels of sienna marble lent a pleasing touch of color. In many of the apartments there were fine cornices, modillions, and dentils. Delicately fluted pilasters often flanked windows and doors. Elaborately carved cornice and mantel friezes and frets represented the most skilled craftsmanship of the period.
Source: Journal & Letters of Philip Vickers Fithian 1773-1774: A Plantation Tutor of the Old Dominion
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