English merchants had to apply for a license to load their ships to go to Virginia. A case in point was a license issued to all of the part owners and investors in a number of vessels, via: Hopeful Luke, the Margaret, the John of Berkshire, the Cretian, the Anthony, the Brothers Adventure, the Henry & David, and the Thomas & Anne. The King took advantage of every opportunity to charge tariffs to those doing business to and from the colonies as well as the colonists themselves, who imported goods for their American homes. It all started quite early, in the early 1600's and despite the hardships suffered by colonists, continued throughout the colonial period. The seamen of that era were true and brave adventurers for their willingness to bear up against hurricanes, storms, rotting of fruits and vegetables, shipwrecks and losses due to delays in weather and other causes, is simply amazing. The investment on both sides of the Atlantic was risky. There were a lot of fires in Jamestown, and early on the colonial governor ordered that only brick houses to be constructed. Also, the colonists paid more for imported bricks, lead window panes, nails, and hewn wood materials. The colonists tore down old buildings and used the nails and plankwood for other purposes, not wasting anything. It is not uncommon to read the inventories in the old Colonial wills which inventory the plankwood count and every detail of colonial life.
More information concerning early settlers to Virginia, their adventures and origins, is found under "Origins" and available to members of Virginia Pioneers
Elizabeth City County was created in 1634 as the Elizabeth River Shire, being one of eight shires in the Virginia Colony by the order of the King of England. The county is located in southeastern Virginia and survived from 1634 to 1952. It was subdivided in 1636 and that portion located north of the harbor of Hampton Roads became known as Elizabeth City Shire, afterwards renamed Elizabeth City County. When the Englished arrived in 1607, the area was known as Kikotan after the native Indians. The shire and county were named for Elizabeth of Bohemia, daughter of King James I, sister of Princes Henry and Charles. The county seat is Hampton, established in 1680. In 1952, Elizabeth | City County merged with Hampton and is today the independent city of Hampton. The city also includes the former Town of Phoebus.
Images of Loose Wills 1700 to 1805 (Vols. 1, 2, 3) Images of Loose Wills 1700 to 1805 (Vols. 1, 2, 3) Adams, John Nelson | Allen, John | Allen, Phillip | Allen, William | Allin, Elenor | Armistead, Anthony | Armistead, Booth | Armistead, Catharine Armistead, Edward | Armistead, Elizabeth | Armistead, James Bray | Armistead, John | Armistead, Martha | Armistead, Moseley | Armistead, Robert | Armistead, Robert Sr. | Armistead, Samuel | Armistead, Starkey | Armistead, Wallace | Armistead, Westwood | Armistead, Westwood, Capt. | Armistead, Williams | Armistead, William | Avera, Charles | Avera, Hannah | Badget, William | Bagley, Sarah | | Baines, Henry Baker, James | Baker, John | Baker, Sarah | Ballard, Edward | Ballard, Francis | Ballard, James | Ballard, William | Baner, Richard | Banister, Joseph | Banks, John | Barber, Gray | Barron, Samuel | Bayley, Charles | Bayley, John Wallace | Bayley, Judith | Bayley, Nicholas | Bayley, Sarah | | Bayley, Thomas | Baylis, William | Bedingfield, Nathaniel | Belfont, Mary Jemima | Bell, Nathaniel Bennett, John | Berry, James | Betts, Thomas | Birdie, Elizabeth | Boorswell, Adam | Bows, John | Bowtack, Adam | Bright, Francis | Bright, Robert | Bright, Samuel | Brodie, Elizabeth | Brodie, John | Brodus, John | Brough, Mary | Brough, Robert | Brown, James | Brown, Mary | Brown, Sophie | Brown, William | Bryan, Benjamin | Bryant, Richard | Buckeloo, Catharine Van | Buthal, John | Carter, William | Cary, Miles | Casy, William | Chrisman, Mount Edward | Cole, Charles | Cook, Pennell | Cooper, John | Copeland, Mary | Copeland, William | Cornelius, James | Cotton, Job | Couper, Philip | Cowper, Anne | Creeke, William | Cross, John | Cross, Robert | Cunningham, James | Cunningham, Nathaniel | Cunningham, William | Curle, Andrew | Curle, Wilson | Curls, Samuel | Dames, John | Davison, David | Daws, John | Dembre, John | Dens, John | Dent, Laurence | Depenis, Anthony Benjamin | Dixon, Thomas | Elliott, Robert | Farr, William | Faulkner, Elizabeth | Field, John | Finnis, Joanna | Fraser, William | Gilbert, James | Goddin, William | Good, William | Goodson, Martin | Hall, Mark | Halliday, Edward | Ham, Benjamin | Hamilton, Alexander | Hanker, Mary Ann | Harris, Sarah | Need | Harvey, Jane | Haskins, James | Hawkins, Anthony Hawkins, John | Hawkins, Richard | Hawkins, William | Henden, Judy | Henderson, Arthur | Herbert, John | Herbert, Judith Herbert, Rosea Tyler | Heron, Thomas Sr. | Holland, John | Holland, William M. | Howard, John | Hunt, Phebe | Hunt, William | Hurst, Edward | Jegritts, Joseph | Jenkins, John | Jenings, Charles | Jenings, Thomas | Jones, Anna | Jones, Harris | Jones, Ledia | Jones, Samuel | Jones, Sarah | Kerby, Thomas | King, Charles | King, Henry | King, John Curle | King, Mary | King, Michael | King, Rebecca | King, Susanna | King, Thomas | Langston, William | Latimer, Ann | Latimer, Edward | Latimer, J. | Latimer, Mary | Latimer, Sarah | Latimer, William | Latman, George | Lawson, Barbara | Lewis, John | Lewis, Thomas | Lewis, William | Lowry, John | Mallory, Deana | Mallory, Edward | Mallory, Frances | Mallory, Mary | Maney, William | Manon, Peter | Manor, John | Marshall, William | Massenberg, Robert | McClung, William | McCrees, Matthew | McNamara, Florence | Meredith, Joseph | Meredith, Mary | Mingham, Anne | Mingham, Thomas | Minion, Francis | Minson, Banster | Minson, William | Mitchell, Ross | Mitchell, William | Mixon, George | Moore, Augustine | Moore, John | Moore, Merritt | More, Augustine Morison, Jean | Moore, Anne | Moore, Ann | Morches, William | Morris, Christopher | Morris, Sheppard Mossenburger, John | Nardham, Joseph | Nelson, John | Nilson, Hannah | Paflour, Charles | Page, John | Parish, Ann | Parish, Mary | Parsons, Jane | Parsons, John | Parsons, William | Peine, Elizabeth | Pence, William | Penne, Penuel | Pilats, William Allen | Pool, Francis | Poole, Alexander | Poole, Midelton | Poole, Samuel | Powell, Mary | Proby, Bartrand | Raylor, James | Reada, John | Reist, Thomas | Renal, Mary | Riddlehurst, Francis | Riddlehurst, James | Robertson, Henry Robertson, John | Robins, Nashney | Robinson, John | Robinson, Judith | Roe, Ann | Roe, Jane | Rogers, Thomasine | Rollin, Simon | Rombough, John Henry | Ross, Elizabeth | Ross, John | Ross, Johnson | Ross, Martha | Routon, Richard | Rudd, Edward | Russell, Sandefer | Sanders, Elizabeth | Sanders, Judy | Sandifer, Mathew | Sandifer, Peter | Sandifer, Robert | Sandifer, William | Sands, Penuel | Saunders, James | Selby, Edward | Selden, Mary | Selden, William | Sharpless, C. | Shaw, Chasten | Sheppard, Jean | Sheppard, John | Sherley, Richard | Silverthon, Thomas | Sisser, John | Skinner, Anne | Skinner, John | Skinner, Samuel | Skinner, Thomas | Smelt, Robert | Smith, Fanny | Smith, John | Smith, Mary | Smith, William | Solders, Rebecca | Sonels, Joseph | Stokes, Frazer | Stores, John | Sweny, Jane | Sweny, Martha | Sweny, Merritt | Tabb, John, Colonel | Tabb, John | Tabb, Johnson | Tabb, Mary | Table, Mary | Tarrant, Caesar | Tarrant, Carter Tarrant, Elizabeth | Tarrant, Mary | Thomas, George | Thompson, William | Thurmer, James | Tompkins, James | Tucker, Anthony Tucker, Robert | Tucker, Rosea | Wager, William | Wallace, Ann | Wallace, Deanna | Wallace, Martha | Wallace, Robert | Wallace, William C. | Watts, Jean | Watts, Samuel | Watts, Thomas | Webster, Thomas | Wellings, Elizabeth | Weshoon, Merrit | Westbrook, William | Weymore, John | Weymouth, John | Weymouth, Rebecca | Weymouth, William | Wheeler, Robert | Whitaker, Nathan | White, Isaac | White, John | Whiting, Easter | Williams, John | Williams, Mather | Willis, Robert | Wilson, Ann | Wilson, Hezekiah | Wilson, John | Wilson, Mary | Withington, Richard | Wood, John | Wood, Mary | Wray, George | Wray, Jacob Wythe, Thomas | Yancey, Achiles | Yancey, Nathan Yeo, George | Young, Gerard
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