By Jeannette Holland Austin
The privately funded Magazine Ships had their pitfalls. In September of 1619 the Warwick, accompanied by a pinnace, sailed for Virginia with a large cargo of clothing and other necessaries not to be procured in the Colony. The articles were for the relief and comfort of the planters, although the Company realized that a far greater profit was to be had from sending over what would pander to the vanity and the appetites of the people, such as spirits and fine apparel. This cargo was valued at 1000 pds. sterling.
Pictured is a Pinnace, a ship's light boat.
In order to avoid a certain loss in exchanging the goods included in the Magazine, for tobacco at the rate of three shillings a pound (or 18 pence for lower grades), the Governor and Council were enjoined to leave Mr. Blaney (who was in charge of it), to his free discretion in disposing of the merchandise within the limits as to prices laid down by the Company for guidance. The Company admitted that its own treasury was empty, sought a profit. However, the pinnace accompanying the magazine ship was captured by the Turks and never reached Virginia, thus causing the loss of goods on board designated for the planters.
Sources: Virginia Company of London by Neill, pp. 241-245; Company's Letter Dec. 1621, Virginia Company of London, p. 268.
Norfolk County Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Deeds, Marriages,Indexes to Probate Records
If you have Virginia ancestors, Norfolk is one of the first counties to research. The earliest records survived, thus providing a scope of genealogical discoveries. Norfolk County was created in 1691 and existed as a county until 1963 when it was consolidated with the city of South Norfolk to form the new City of Chesapeake. After the American Civil War, for a period of about 100 years, portions of Norfolk County were lost and the territory of the county reduced as they became parts of the separate and growing independent cities of Norfolk, Portsmouth and South Norfolk. Many of the earliest records did not survive, but Bks have been published on Lower Norfolk County.
Suggested Books: Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Court Records: Bk A, 1637-1646 and Bk B, 1646-1651/2; Historical Southern Families by Boddie; Transcription of Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Records. Volume One: Wills & Deeds, Bk D, 1656-1666 by Brayton.
Historical Tidbits: During 1666, Walter Bruce of Nansemond County who had married the widow of Thomas Sayer, one of the most prominent citizens of Lower Norfolk, increased his stepchildren's estates by presenting them with a considerable number of cattle. His wife sold four of these during his absence from Virginia to meet the expense of sending her daughter to school. By the terms of the will of John Russell, his daughter was to continue to be educated until she should marry. Want to receive more historical tidbits on Virginians? Join our free blog
Sources: Lower Norfolk Records, vol. 1656-66, p. 438.
Norfolk County Wills, Estates, Marriages available to members of Virginia Pioneers
Miscellaneous Probate Records
1674 Court Orders, Bk E, pp. 124
1675 Court Orders, Bk E, pp. 124-126
Bouring, John (1672 LWT) Order Bk E, pp. 124
Connor, Lewis and Henry Jenkins and Elizabeth Lawson, 1709, Deed Bk 8, pp. 154-156
Corbett, John and Sarah. Transaction dated 1669, Order Bk E, pp. 123A
Johnson, Benjamin and Osborn Johnson (Land Transaction), Order Bk E, pp. 124
Mackie, Josias, LWT (transcription)
Shore, Dishard married Relict of Thomas Watkings (transaction dated 1/1669, Order Bk E, pp. 124
Smith, Humphrey. Transaction dated 1669, Order Bk E, pp. 123
Thoroughgood, Margery (Deposition dated 1669, Order Bk E, pp. 123
Wickliff, Mary. Deposition dated 1669, Order Bk E, pp. 123
Willoughby, Thomas (1671 Inventory) Order Bk E, pp. 125-6
Wood, John. Transaction dated 1/1669, Order Bk E, pp. 124
Marriages (taken from Gates County Marriage Bonds)
Marriages to 1699
Marriage Bonds 1706 to 1759
Marriage Register 8, 1901-1911
Marriage Register 9, 1911 to 1912
Indexes to Wills and Deeds
1646 to 1651
1651 to 1656
1656 to 1666
1666 to 1675
1719 to 1723
1721 to 1725
1742 to 1749
1747 to 1759
1725 to 1730
Wills 1755 to 1772
Wills 1760 to 1762
Images of Norfolk County Wills 1651 to 1656
Testators: Chessey, Thomas | Cossan, Thomas | Fowler, Robert | Gilham, Thomas | Godby, Thomas | Goodwell, Edward | Gouldinge, John | Henrys, Robert | Moseley, William | Nordham, Thomas | Powes, Robert | Riglesworth, Peter | Sherwood, Samuel | Sibsey, John | Starling, James | Ward, Thomas | Wilkinson, Arnall | Woodhouse, Henry | Workman, Thomas | Wright, Thomas
Images of Norfolk County Wills 1735 to 1753
Testators: Ashley, Edmund | Ashley, John |Ashley, William | Avis, William | Bailus, John | Ballance, Richard | Balland, William | Ballentine, David | Berford, Lawrence | Bevan, John | Boulby, Samuel | Boullen, Aaron | Burgess, Mary | Burtin, William | Butt, Benjamin | Butt, Lemuel Sr. | Butt, Nathaniel | Butt, William | Carr, Edward | Cato, Mary | Cocke, Argent | Collack, Alexander | Colley, Guerard | Colley, John | Conner, John | Conner, Lewis | Cooper, Joseph | Creekmur, Benjamin | Curling, Anthony | Dale, Richard | Denby, William | Drury, John | Edingo, Dolene | Ellegood, John | Etheridge, Jeremiah | Etheridge, Thomas | Etheridge, Thomas (2) | Ferebee, James | Godfrey, Arthur | Grant, William | Griffin, Constance | Grimes, James | Gristock, Mary | Hall, Durham | Hancock, Simon | Hansley, Edward | Harris, John | Haywood, Philemon | Hobgood, Thomas Sr.| Hodges, Richard | Holfred, Henry | Hollowell, John | Ivy, John | Jackson, Richard | Jayes, John | Joleff, John | Joy, James | Keaton, Patrick | Langley, Kessia | Langley, Nathaniel | Langley, Thomas | Levincy, Samuel | Lewelling, Abel | Lewelling, Edward | Lewelling, William | Ludgall, John | MacCoy, Richard | Mallone, Margaret | Martin, Thomas | Martin, Thomas (2)| Maund, William | McCoy, John | McIntyre, Dugald | Mercier, John | Miller, Elizabeth | Miller, Moses | Miller, William | Moray, John | Moseley, William | Mouat, Walter | Nasby, Solomon | Nasby, Solomon (2) | Nash, William | Niles, Samuel | Portlock, Nathaniel | Preweatt, Thomas | Randolph, Giles | Rogers, Samuel | Scott, John | Shepherd, John Sr. | Sherry, William | Sikes, Thomas | Smith, Samuel | Sparrow, Richard | Stewart, John | Stewart,Joseph | Talbot, Keader | Tatem, Nathaniel | Taylor, Peter | Tucker, John | Wallis, William | Warden, James | Warden, John | Ware, Elizabeth | Warren, John Sr. | Wheddon, John Sr. | Wilkins, Lemuel | Williams, Robert Sr. | Williamson, Thomas | Willoughby, Sarah | Willoughby, Thomas | Wilson, William | Wilson, William Jr. | Wishart, William | Wyatt, Amy
Images of Norfolk County Wills 1742 to 1749
Testators: Barney, Ann | Barrington, William | Bates, Beaty | Bledindin, William | Britt, Eleanor | Britt, Thomas | Butt, Richard | Calvert, Cornelius | Church, Richard | Creadle, William | Creekmur, Solomon | Creekmur, Willis | Culpeper, Robert Sr.| Davis, Richard | Davis, Edward | Etheridge, Edward | Godfrey, Jonathan | Gristock, Henry | Giles, James | Hayes, John | Holton, Francis | Hughlett, John | Iver, Timothy | Langley, Nathan | Lockhart, John | Low, Sarah | Maning, Joseph | Marine, William | Martall, James Jordan | Merry, Prittyman | Mier, Richard | Odean, William | Peaton, Timothy | Plunkett, Garratt | Portluck, John | Portluck, Paul |Raven, William | Roberts, Joseph | Salter, Christopher | Sicker, James | Simmons, James | Stanbury, John | Tappan, William | Taylor, John | Taylor, Thomas | Thompson, Benedict | Ward, Thomas | Wilkins, William
Images of Norfolk County Wills 1747 to 1759
Testators: Austin, Richard | Avery, James | Ball, Benjamin | Ballentine, Paul | Ballince, Moses | Bayley, Ann | Bayne, Alexander | Benthall, Elizabeth | Beverly, William | Breedle, Mary | Browne, Margerit | Bruce, Abraham | Bruce, Jonas | Carney, Philip | Carney, Thomas | Cawson, Christopher | Cherry, John | Colley, John | Conner, Craford | Cottel, Elizabeth | Crickmore, William | Denby, Charles | Dyes, Robert | Eastwood, James | Etheridge, James | Gardner, Christopher | Gibson, John | Godfrey, Daniel | Godfrey, Thomas | Grant, Edward | Grimes, William | Happer, William | Hobgood, Thomas | Hodges, William | Huslitt, John | Jarvis, Thomas | Johnson, Joseph | Langley, Lydia | Langley, William | Lewelling, Thomas | Lilburn, Alexander | Lines, Mary | Manning, John | McKenzie, John | McNeill, Duncan | Miers, Elizabeth | Meirs, James | Miller, Peleg | Millison, James | Montier, James | Moon, John | Mosley, Arthur | Moseley, Christopher | Murrey, John | Nash, Sarah | Newhook, Dinah | Owens, Thomas | Portlock, William | Portlock, William (2) | Powell, William | Randolph, Solomon | Richson, Moses | Sikes, John | Smith, James C. | Snale, Thomas | Stroud, Matthew | Talbott, John | Taylor, Richard | Thompson, Cyprian | Tucker, Marmaduke | Warren, James | Willoughby, Ann | Wilson, Solomon | Wilson, Thomas | Wright, Kelly
Images of Wills 1755 to 1772
Testators: Archer, Edward; Arnott, James; Ballentine, John; Barlow, Henry; Bartee, Samuel; Benthall, Elizabeth; Berry, George; Bickardick, Richard; Bonfield, Benjamin; Broadhurst, Mary; Brodie, Martha; Brown, John; Bruce, Abraham; Bruce, Alexander; Bruce, Lemuel; Bull, Robert; Butler, Charles; Butt, James; Butt, Thomas; Butt, William; Butts, Solomon Sr.; Butts, Thomas; Calvert, Sanders; Cann, John; Carney, John; Carter, Joseph; Carter, Mary; Church, Joseph; Cleeves, James; Colley, John: Colley, Sanders ; Conally, Matthew; Condall, Frances; Conner, Craford; Consoloo, Charles; Cornock, Margaret; Coultess, John; Creekmur, Joab; Creekmur, Joshua; Creekmur, Mary; Creekmur, Solomon; Crindle, Mary; Dale, Daniel; Dale, Peter; Dale, William; Dale, William (2); Dale, Winfield; Denby, Matthias; Dickson, James; Easther, James; Ellegood, Jacob; Ellegood, John; Ellis, Ann; Etheridge, Elizabeth ; Etheridge, Margaret; Ferebee, John; Fife, Nathan; Foreman, Alexander ;Gardner, Christopher; Godfrey, Dinah; Godfrey, Matthew ;Gooding, William; Gray, William; Grimes, Thomas; Grover, Joseph; Guy, Benjamin; Guy, John; Halstead, Drew ; Happer, Sarah; Henderson, James; Herbert, Nathaniel ; Hewlet, John; Hodges, Joseph; Hodges, Richard; Hodges, Robert; Hodges, William; Hodges, William (2) ; Holstead, Simon ; Hutchings, John; Ince, John Jr. ; Ingham, John; Ives, Robert; Ives, Sarah; Ivy, William; Jameson, Henry; Jameson, John: Jarvis, Thomas; Johnson (alias Weston), John; Johnson, Joseph; Kelly, Daniel; Kelsick, Richard; Kingston, Paul; Lambeth, David; Langley, Willis;Lemount, Hardiss ;Leverage, William; Lewelling, Alice ;Lilburn, Olive ;Linus, Martha; Livingston, Sarah; Mackie, Robert; Manning, William; Martin, John; Mathews, John; Matthias, Elenor; MeCoy, Samuel; McCloud, Daniel; Mercer, John ;Miller, Henry; Miller, Matthias; Moore, William; Morris, Thomas; Mound, Lott ;Nash, William; Newton, George;Nicholason, John ;Nicholson, Joshua; Nosay, Thomas; Owens, John; Owings, John; Petsworth, William; Peyton, John; Portlock, Charles; Portlock, Edward; Portlock, Elizabeth ;Powell, John; Power, Sampson; Poyner, Jonathan;Prescott, William; Ramsey, George;Roberts, Samuel Sr.; Rogers, Phillis;Ross, John; Rothery, Henry; Sackhart, Joseph; Savells, Solomon; Scott, Alexander ;Scott, Richard; Shipwash, John; Sikes, William; Simmons, Jean ;Simmons, John; Simpson, Jonathan; Singleton, Anthony; Smith, Butler; Smith, John; Smith, Josiah; Smith, Peter;Southerland, Ann; Stafford, William; Stanner, John; Stole, Barbara; Streep, John; Stroud, Mary; Suggs, Joseph; Sweny, Ann; Tabb, William; Talbot, John; Tatem, Nathaniel ;Thelaball, James; Taylor, Thomas; Taylor, William; Thompson, Thomas; Thruston, Edward ;Tucker, John; Tucker, Robert; Wakefield, William; Wallace, Richard; Wallace, William; Wallis, Ann;Wallis, John; Wallis, Solomon ;Walsh, Richard; Warren, Christian; Warren, Peter; Waterworth, Joseph; Watkins, John; Webb, Robert; Westcoat, Susanna; Westcott, Wright; White, Archibald;Whitehurst, Richard; Wilkins, James; Wilkins, John; Williams, Edward ; Williams, John ; Williams, John Sr. ; Williams, Willis; Williamson, John ; Williamson, Joshua ; Williamson, Roger; Willoughby, Lemuel ; Wilson, Dinah; Wilson, James; Wilson, James Sr. ; Wilson, Thomas; Wilson, Willis Sr.; Wishart, Thomas; Wooden, William; Wright, John; Wright, John ; Wright, Thomas
Images of Wills 1760 to 1762
Testators: Barlow, Henry Jr. | Bridges, Amey | Brown, Patrick | Bruce, Thomas | Buntin, James | Burgess, Robert | Busch, Maximillion | Butt, James | Calvert, Mary Sr. | Carney, Barnaby | Chamberlaine, George | Cherry, Hilley | Cherry, Spring | Christian, Edward | Colintine, John | Connelly, Matthew | Creekmore, Joseph | Dison, Perry | Donahon, Mary | Ellegood, John | Etheredge, Amos | Etheredge, Bethiah | Etheredge, Margrett | Freeman, Thomas | Gasking, Samuel | Godfrey, Elizabeth | Godfrey, Nathaniel | Granberry, James | Hare, Thomas | Herbert, Markom | Hodges, Joseph Jr. | Hodges, Sarah | Hodges, William | Hollowell, Holstead | Ingham, John | Jameson, John | Joloff, Martha | Kelsick, Richard | Langley, Mary | Lewelling, Richard | Lindsay, Jean Boyd | MacCoy, Cader | Manning, Solomon | Matthias, Eleanor | Phino, John | Portlock, Charles | Porter, William | Potsworth, William | Rethery, Daniel | Rogers, Philis | Shepard, Samuel | Shore, Robert | Silvester, Richard William | Simmons, John | Smith, Josiah | Smith, Peter | Stafford, William | Sutton, Ashbury | Sweny, Daniel | Tatem, Trimagsin | Tucker, John | Tucker, Mary | Wallis, Aim or Jim | Watkins, John | Webb, Robert | White, Mary | White, Patrick | Wilkins, Robert | Williams, John Sr. | Wilson, James | Wishold, Wright | Woodhouse, Richard | Wormington, William Sr. | Wright, John | Wright, Thomas
Images of Wills 1772 to 1788
Testators: Abyvon, George | Archer, Dinah |Aves, William |Bachelor, John | Bacon, Richard | Bailey, William |Ballance, Ephraim | Bartee, John | Bartee, Robert | Bartee, William |Bayley, William |Bayley, William | Bayne, Elizabeth | Blake, Richard | Blews, Samuel |Boush, Arthur | Boush, Goodrich | Bowers, Robert | Bracegirdle, Frederick | Bramble, Willis | Brasser, Henryl | Bressie, Samuel |Britton, Bennett | Brown, Henryl |Brown, Jonas | Brown, Thomas | Bruce, Abraham | Bruce, James | Bull, Jonah | Bunting, William |Burgess, Nathaniel | Bustin, Benjamin | Butt, Anthony | Butt, Caleb | Butt, Ede | Butt, Edward | Butts, Mary | Butt, Samuel | Butts, Thomas | Butt, William |Calvert, Maximillian | Calvert, Samuel | Carlston, George | Carnaby, Barnaby | Carnaby, Philip | Carney, Richard | Carney, William | Carter, Robert | Cawson, Margaret | Claiborne, Thomas | Collins, Timothy | Conaway, James | Conner, Charles Jr. | Coverley, Samuel | Creech, Thomas | Creekmur, Abel | Creekmur, Edmund | Creekmur, Foreman | Creekmur, Frances | Creekmur, Mary | Culpeper, Daniel | Culpeper, Robert | Davis, Richard | Davis, Samuel | Deans, Solomon | Denby, Nathaniel | Dunn, John | Easter, Thomas | Eastwood, Francis | Eastwood, Richard | Edward, John | Ellis, John | Ellis, William | Etheridge, Luke | Fentriss, John | Fisher, Eldred | Foreman, Jeremiah | Forrester, Alace | Fortt, Thomas | Freedly, Michael | Fritts, Christian | Gilchrist, John | Gilchrist, Robert | Godfrey, John | Godfrey, Keziah | Goldsby, William | Goodrich, Edward | Grant, John Sr. | Grimes, James | Hall, Thomas | Harper, David | Henetter, Paul | Herbert, Christopher| Herbert, Henry Sr.|Herbert, Josiah | Herbert, Thomas | Hewlit, Francis |Hodges, Benjamin |Hodges, Benjamin (2)|Hodges, Ferebee | Hodges, Hillary |Holt, James | Hudson, Ann |Hughes, Edward |Hurt, John |Hutchings, Zachariah | Ingram, Content | Ives, John | Ivy, Elizabeth | Jackson, Joel | Jameson, James | Jolliff, James | Jolliff, John | Jolliff, Richard | Jordan, Francis | Joyce, Martain | Kelley, Matthew | Kerr, Robert | Kilsick, Richard | King, Robert | Lachlan, John | Lane, Augustus | Lane, Robert | Langley, James | Langley, Joseph | Langley, Samuel | Lee, John | Lewelling, Benjamin | Lewelling, John | Lisborn, Catherine | Livingston, John | Lowrey, Jacob | Lugh, Francis | Lush, Andrew | Lush, Daniel | Mackey, Patrick | Manning, Elisha | Manning, Elizabeth | Manning, John | Mathias, Johnathan | McMickin, Hugh | McPherson, Andrew | McPherson, William | MeCloud, John | McCoy, Richard | Miller, Mason | Miller, Moses | Miller, William | Moore, Thomas | Moseley, Bassett | Mosely, William | Murden, Jeremiah Sr.| Murden, John | Nichols, Henryl | Nicholson, James | Northcutt, Amos | Nosay, Daniel | Parsons, Willis | Philpot, Lettison | Phripp, John | Poole, Nicholas | Portlock, John | Portlock, Martha | Powell, John | Powell, Joshua | Powell, Lemuel | Powell, Richard | Powell, Richard (2)| Power, Elizabeth | Pugh, Edward | Purcell, David | Robinson, Robert | Rose, Peter | Scott, John | Scott, Sarah | Shewcraft, Simon | Schuster, Richard | Shields, Matthew | Shore, John | Sikes, Jesse | Simmons, John | Smallwood, Charles | Smarr, Andrew | Smith, Charles | Smith, Sarah | Smith, William | Steed, Robert | Southerland, John | Sparrow, James | Talbot, Isaac | Talbot, Thomas | Talbot, William | Tart, Mary | Tart, Thomas | Tart, William | Taylor, Ann | Taylor, James | Taylor, John | Taylor, Margaret | Thelaball, James | Thelaball, Elizabeth | Thelaball, William | Thomas, Charles | Thompson, Isaac Truss, Gideon | Tucker, Robert | Tucker, William | Veale, George | Veals, George | Viatt, John | Wallace, David | Waller, Hardess | Ward, Thomas | White, Gideon | White, Keziah | Wiatt, Shadrick | Wilkins, John | Wilkins, Joshua | Wilkins, William | Williams, Thomas | Williamson, John | Williamson, Robert | Willoughby, John Sr. | Willoughby, Martha | Willoughby, T.| Wilson, John | Wingate, John | Wishun, Joel | Wonycott, Alphia | Woneycott, Nicholas | Worden, John | Wright, David | Wright, Stephen
Need to know if your ancestors left a will or estate record? An easy, quick (and free) way to find out is to click on the links below.
County Records of 8 Genealogy Websites
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