Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Virginia to Great Britain

St. Margaret's Parish, org. ca 1752, near Westminister in London
From Here to There. 
Before the Virginia Colony was formed in 1607, most of its earliest immigrants were in England. That means that the genealogist and historian must determine that location.  In other words, the shire or parish. This is generally found from hints in the American records.  The oldest Virginia Wills and Testaments provide details concerning properties owned in England, as well as the names of relatives and friends.  Also, names of parishes.  Another source is deed records.  Then, there are immigration records which disclose the place of embarkation.  Coldham's The Complete Book of Emigrants 1607-1660 is an excellent resource.  Finally, there is the generalized research effort.  What I mean is reading old Wills (in the county/counties where your ancestor resided) is the way to go.  I mean, everybody's, all of them.  If you found one for your ancestor, then take notes on the names of witnesses, purchases of items, receipts given, and every person mentioned.  Then, search for those person's wills.  Neighbors married neighbors, socialized, shared a lifetime together.  That makes anyone mentioned in your ancestor's wills or deeds a very important source for learning who's who and how they were related.  The Land Patents are another good resource in discerning who received the first lands and approximately where they were located.  Remember, many persons came over as servants and did not own land until later.  In 1607 there were 105 settlers. By 1609, the Virginia Company sent 500 more. In 1621/1622 there was a massacre which killed hundreds of persons, yet by 1635 there were estimated to be about 5,000 persons.  That is not many people.  Thus, the names of neighbors accelerate in importance. It is noteworthy that members of the same families also stopped over in New England and did not settle in Virginia.  Those records also have a digging deeper factor.  The first item of research in England should be the parish register.  For generations, families attending the same parish.  There are three categories: christenings, marriages and mortuaries.  Your surnames from all three should be carefully written down with the idea of identifying families when you better understand the situation.  Meanwhile, Virginia Pioneers contains the images of old Virginia Wills and Estates which should save the researcher some time because there are tons of records to explore in Virginia as well as in Great Britain!

Tuesday, November 25, 2014

Grayson Co. VA Wills and Estates - Images Ready for Viewing


Grayson County Wills and Estates



Grayson CountyGalax, VirginiaGrayson CountyGrayson CountyGrayson CountyGrayson County was formed in 1792 from Wythe and Patrick Counties; it was the parent of Carroll County. The records listed below are a series of wills, inventories, appraisements, guardianships, orphans records, etc. which are scattered throughout each volume. Some of those which dated between 1839 and 1849 were omitted due to to the fact that are blurred and somewhat damaged.

Indexes to Probate Records
Images of Wills and Estates 1796 to 1839
Images of Wills and Estates 1796 to 1839continued
Images of Wills and Estates 1839 to 1849

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Monday, November 24, 2014

Capt. Hooe, about to sail, writes a letter

19th century guill clock of George Washington

19th century French Clock
One of the methods of learning how merchants handled their affairs is to examine the last wills and testaments.  Here is the will of James H. Hooe, Esquire, master of the vessel Commerce of Alexandria who left Alexandria on 9 July 1818 bound for New Orleans, thence to the market in Falmouth and then back to the United States.  He stated that one half of the cargo belonged to Messrs. Bowie & Kurtz of Georgetown and the other half to himself.  The value of he goods was insured for $4,000.00.  Should he die, his estate was to be managed by a friend, Mrs. Portia Hodgson, wife of William Hodgson, however, without the intervention of the husband.  Married women did not legally own property, so this statement was necessary to prevent the husband from claiming possession of the estate.  Interestingly, Capt. Hooe's portion of the cargo consisted of two French clocks, a white marble clock, three Guill clocks and two gold pocket watches. A guill clock was one which sat on the mantlepiece.   The early 19th century was an era of ornate clocks and these articles were shipped from Europe into the United States.  The will of Capt. Hooe discloses his good business sense of insuring the cargo as well as his correspondence to a friend with his last will and testament attached.  The context of these documents also illustrates an active trade business in a number of ports.  Perhaps more than we realize,  vessels were a heavy traffic from the earliest times of the colonies, using the customary shipping lanes, moving goods from the Caribbean, Europe and east coast of the United States..  It was customary for the captain to prepare a Ship's Manifest of its cargo and passengers.  Although many such lists have been discovered, not all are translated and published.  That is something to realize while attempting to locate ancestors. That is why it is important to read the old wills and estates of any given county during the time in which your ancestors may have been in that location.  Captain Hooe named as an heir a friend, Mrs. Hodgson.  Should you not locate Portia or William Hodgson's wills or estates, you would never suppose that they were in Alexandria (City), Virginia unless you had read Captain Hooe's will.  This is how the extra pieces of the puzzle are gathered.  There are not that many documents of any given era, so it is not difficult to do, especially because there is a large (and growing) collection on Virginia Pioneers

Sunday, November 23, 2014

Lots of Genealogy Records for Priincess Anne Co. Virginia on Virginia Pioneers.net


Adam Thoroughgood HouseWytheville

Princess Anne County, Virginia Court House Records

Pictured is Wytheville and the Adam Thoroughgood House. Note: When researching Princess Anne County for ancestors, Norfolk County should also be examined as the names between the two counties were frequently inter-changed with relatives. When Admiral Christopher Newport and the colonists of the Virginia Company arrived in 1607, George Percy and his fellow Englishmen's first landing was at Cape Henry. They named the spot in honor of Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, the eldest son of King James I of England. It was this spot which later became Princess Anne County. A well-known planter was Adam Thoroughgood who settling along the Lynnhaven River. In 1634, the King of England directed the formation of eight shires (or counties) in the colony of Virginia. One of these was Elizabeth City Shire, which included land area on both sides of Hampton Roads. New Norfolk County was formed in 1636 from Elizabeth City Shire. New Norfolk County included all the area in South Hampton Roads now incorporated in the five independent cities located there in modern times. In 1637 this tract was divided into Upper Norfolk County and Lower Norfolk County. In 1691, Lower Norfolk County was in turn subdivided to form Norfolk County and Princess Anne County, which contained the area of Lynnhaven Parish. Princess Anne County was named for the heir to the English throne, who later became Queen Anne.

The following allowances were made in the levy of Princess Anne County for 1696 for the construction of a court-house. A new jail was erected at the same time, and to some extend the outlay for the two is given together in the entry quoted: "To Timbner for the frame of court house and prison, 1000 lbs. Tobo.; Digging Post holes for the court house, 30 lbs. Tobo.; 2850 Boards for outside work, 1425 lbs. Tobo; Bringing above down, boating them; To Joseph Godacres loading and carting them, 500 lbs. Tobo.; Taking down the table, benches and bar at old Court house, bringing here and setting up, 100 lbs. Tobo.; Taking up plank at old Court house, boat and hands bringing it to Court house and carting, 400 lbs. Tobo; 650 plank of Adam Keeling, 650 lbs. Tobo.; To a boat and hands 2 days fetching 400 feet of it to Godacres' landing; One day carting it thence to Court house, 50 lbs. Tobo; One day carting sleepers to court house, 60 bs. Tobo; 6000 8d. Nails, 480 lbs. Tbo; 1000 10. nails, 100 lbs. Tobo; 1000 4d. nails, 45 lbs. Tobo; 500 20d. nails, 150 lbs. Tobo; 1500 Boards for inside @600 lbs. p. 1000, 900 lbs. Tobo; 2 bbl. of tar and bringing same, 300 lbs. Tobo; carting course house frame, 410 lbs. Tobo; To superintendence, 800 lbs. Tobo." Sources: Princess Anne Order Book 1691-1709, p. 119. Join Virginia Historical Tidbits blog

Princess Anne County Wills, Estates, Marriages available to members of Virginia Pioneers

Images of Wills 1714 to 1724
Testators: Atwood, John; Attwood, John; Atwood, Thomas; Attwood, William; Bray, Robert; Brock, Thomas; Brooks, Job; Burrough, Benjamin; Bush, George;Capps, Richard; Carroway, Edward; Carroway, John; Cason, James; Clause, Sarah; Cock, Christopher; Corbet, Richard; Corprew, Thomas; Crashley, Peter; Dange, James; Danley, John; Davis, Edward; Dennis, Timothy; Droutt, Richard; Edmunds, John; Emperer, Tully; Etherington, Thomas;Ewell, Thomas; Fentriss, Michael; Fitzgerald, Henry; Flaborn, John; Fowler, Frances; Franklin, Thomas; Gornes, Peter; Hancock, Athen; Hancock, George; Hancock, George (2); Harvey, Thomas; Hoath, Ann; Holmes, Samuel; Holmes, William; Hoskins, Richard; Hunter, William; Hutchings, Daniel; Johnson, John; Jones, Evan; Jones, Richard; Jones, Solomon; Kempe, John; Land, Edward; Lilburn, Jane; Louott, Adam; Lovet, Thomas; Marsh, George; Martin, William; McGravy, Owin; Moore, Cason; Moore, Mathias; Morse, Francis; Moseley, Benjamin; Moseley, Edward; Moseley, Margaret; Moy, John; Nickles, Richard; Oliver, Peter; Olliver, Peter; Pallett, John; Plomton, Richard; Poad, William; Pow, Stephen; Purvine, John; Richardson, John; Richmond, John; Road, James; Scott, David Sr.; Shepherd, Samuel; Sicklemore, Samuel; Simmons, John; Smith, Tully; Snaile, Henry Sr.; Soalsy, Ann; Stireling, John; Thorowgood, John; Thorowgood, William; Walke, Thomas; Weblin, John; White, James; Whitehurst, James; Wicker, William; Williamson, Richard; Wills, Elenor; Wishard, James; Woodhouse, Henry; Woodhouse, Horatio; Woodhouse, Horatio (2); Woodhouse, John; Worrington, Clifton
Images of Princess Anne County Wills 1724 to 1735
Testators: Achis, Katherine; Achis, William; Ashley, William;Achis, Adam;Ackis, John;Albritton, Thomas; Barns, Anthony;Berry, Robert;Blake, Arthur;Bonnoy, John; Bonnoy, Richard;Bonnoy, William;Boush, Sarah;Bradshaw, Edward;Bray, Edward;Bray, Olive;Brock, Thomas;Burfoot, Ambros; Cannon, Edward;Cannon, John;Capps, William;Carroway, John; Cartwright, Ann;Clark, James Tanons;Cockroft, John;Collins, Giles;Cooper, Thomas;Cornick, John;Crood, Thomas;Croots, Catran; Cumberfoot, James;Dauloy, Dennis;Dollar, Margaret;Easter, William;Ellegood, William;Fentriss, John;Floyd, Peter;Gisborne, William;Griffin, John;Haynes, James;Hutchings, Sarah;Ivy, Lemuel; Jackson, John;James, John;James, Mary;Jones, Owen;Jones, Susannah;Kingman, Robert;Lamount, Edward;Land, Robert;Loster, William;Mackool, Naomy;Miloud, John;Montgomery, George;Moore, Cason;Moseley, Hillary;Moy, Richard;Murray, John Sr.;Nicholas, William;O'Herson, Joseph;O'Loufer, John;Poole, Esther;Purvine, Lewis;Roberts, Mary;Saunders, John;Scott, David;Scott, Thomas; Simmons, Henry;Smith, Elizabeth;Smith, George;Smith, James; Smyth, George;Spratt, Thomas;Talbot, Isaac;Thelaball, Francis;Thelaball, Lemuel;Thorowgood, Thomas;Thrillwind, Thomas; Tooly, James;Trousthan, Sampson;Walsh, Hester;Whitehurst, Elizabeth;Whitehurst, Henry;Whitehurst, Hugh;Whitehurst, John; Whitehurst, William;Wicker, William;Wishard, Thomas
Images of Guardians of Orphans 1774 to 1777
Names of Orphans: Baxter; Berry; Biddle; Bousch; Broughton; Buskey; Cannon; Carraway; Cornick; Dison; Ethridge; Gashing; Gray; Griggs; Haynes; Hopkins; Hudgins; Hunter; Jacobs; Jones; Keeling; Lamb; Lamount; Land; Leget; Mackey; Morris;Morse;Moseley;Munden;Nimms;Parsons;Salmons;Scott; Shepherd;Shepherd, Smith;Shippe;Simmons; Sparrow; Stone;Taylor;Thorowgood;Turner;Walke;Weblin; Whitehead; Wiles;Williamson;Wishart;Woodhouse
Images of Wills 1779-1780
Names of Testators: Achiss, James (estate); Bonney, Jonathan; Bonney, Nathan; Burke, Samuel; Bushey, Sarah; Coates, Willis; Collins, John; Dawley, William; Henley, John; Hoggard, Harmer; Holmes, William; Hughs, Thomas; Jackson, Jonathan; Johnson, James; Kelly, John; Loftland, Barnabas; Montgomery, James; Moore, James; Moore, Willoughby; Nicholas, Susannah; Pallett, John; Peeding, Nathan; Simmons, Uriah; Stripes, Lewis; Tenant, James; Thorowgood, Robert; Thorowgood, William; Tooley, James; Turner, Thomas; Whitehurst, James
Images of Deeds, Wills, Estates 1780 to 1782
Names: Airs to Dyer;Airs, Francis to John Rany;Benney, Jonathan (estate);Blaw, Capt. Robert (estate);Boult to Boult;Boush, Maximilian;Braithwaite, James;Brown, Willis;Calloway, Alese (estate);Cannon, Edward;Clay, Peter;Collins to Kilgour;Conner, Charles (deed);Cox, George (deed);Cumberfoot, John (deed); Dickson, Amy (estate);Dudley, George;Dudley, George (estate); Dudley, James;Elks, Thomas to Jeremiah Plumer;Harrison, Henry to William West;Hill to Hill;Hill, Morris Sr.;Holmes, Amy; Holmes, Henry;Holmes, Henry (estate);Hopkins, Jonathan;Hunter, Dinah;Hunter, Jacob;Hunter, Jacob (estate);Hunter, Thomas (estate);Jones, Robert;Kempe, James to Thomas Kempe;Kempe to Kempe;Kempe to Harrison;Kenline to Harr;Lawrence to Walke; Laws, Robert;Lovett, Adam to Elizabeth (Lovett);Lovett to Shepherd;Luke, Betty;Malbone, Philip;Matthews to Berry;Matthias, James Sr.;Moore, James;Morris, John (deed);Morris to Whitehead; Newton, Lemuel;Nicholson to Burrows;Oakem, William;Old to Duran; Old, Thomas;Owens, Thomas;Phipp, Matthew (deed);Ramsay, John; Ramsay, John (estate);Seneca, William;Simpson to Wiles; Smith, John Sr.;Tipling, John;Tooley, James;Trotter, John Giles; Trowton, George;Walke, Anthony;Walke to Lawrence;Ward, George; Whitehurst to Whitehurst;Will, Susanna (deed);Williams to Capps; Williamson to Airs;Williamson, Reuben;Williamson, Sally;Wishart, William (bond);Woodhouse, Horatio;Woodhouse to Cavendar; Woodhouse to Lovett;
Images of Wills 1782 to 1793
Names of Testators: Aleph?; Agness, Thomas; Atwood, Edward; Atwood, Solomon; Berry, George; Berry, Mary; Berry, Richard; Brock, Thomas; Broughton, William; Bush, Edward; Campbell, Duncan; Capps, Edward; Clay, Ann; Clay, Peter; Collins, Nathaniel; Collins, Nathaniel (2); Cottel, Sarah; Creed, John Jr.; Dickson, Robert; Dorn, Isaac; Dudley, Henry; Duham, Amy; Elks, Thomas;Ellegood, Peter Norley;Fentriss, Aaron; Gasking, Charles;Gaskins, Henry;Gasking, Job; Gasking, Thomas;Gishborn, Edward;Hamilton, Gavin;Hancock, William; Haynes, Erasmus;Haynes, Thomas; Hill, Morris; Hutchins, Moses; Hunter, Dinah; Jones, Robert;Jones, Sarah;Kelley, William; Kelly, Francis;Kentine, John; Lewis, Thomas;Lovett, Amy; Lovey, Andrew; Luke, Polly;Makepeace, Ebenezer; Malbone, Philip;Matthias, John; Moore, Francis; Mason, James; Moore, James; Moore, John; Moseley, Edward; Moseley, Hillary; Moseley, Tully; Moseley, William; Murden, John; Owens, Thomas;Payne, Thomas;Phillips, Mitchell;Philpot, John;Pritchett, Matthew;Rampe, James; Rumpter, Dinah;Smith, John;Sonica, William;Spann, William; Stripe, Lewis;Tenant, Elizabeth;Thorowgood, Sally; Tipling, John;Trotter, Sarah;Trowton, George;Turner, John; Turner, William;Ward, Arthur;Ward, George; Waterman, Charles;Webb, George;Whitehead, William;Willeroy, John; Williams, John;Woodhouse, Horatio;Woodhouse, Jonathan; Woodhouse, Joseph;Woodhouse, Philip;Woodhouse, William; Wright, Joshua
Images of Deeds
  • 1779 to 1780
  • 1780 to 1782
  • 1782 to 1780
  • 1783 to 1785
  • 1785 to 1788
  • 1788 to 1790
  • 1790 to 1792
  • 1792 to 1795
  • 1795 to 1798
  • 1798 to 1800
  • 1801 to 1803
Miscellaneous Land Patents, Deeds, Releases
  • 1736 Beverley Patent (map of names)
  • Ackiss, William Lease and Release to John Murden, 1729
  • Ackis to Murden, indenture, 1729
  • Bassnett Power of Attorney to Jeremiah Murden, 1729
  • Berry, deed to Epa. Munden, 1764
  • Cason, Charles Land Grant, 1767
  • Cason,James Land Grant, 1724
  • Cason,James and Ann to John Fentriss, deeds, 1696
  • Cason,James, Land Grant, 1755
  • Cason,James, Power of Attorney, 1726
  • Cason,James, Power of Attorney, 1727
  • Cason,John, Indenture to Epa. Munden, 1750
  • Fentress Land Grant adj. J. Murden, 1766
  • Fentris Deed Release to Murden, 1712
  • Fentris, Moses and Aaron lease and release to George Fentris, 174
  • Fentris, Michael deed to Hopkins, 1709
  • Hatton deed to Acquila Munden, 1744
  • Henley, Thomas deed to Thomas Cannon, 1765
  • Hopkins Land Patent adj. J. Murdin, 1703
  • Hopkins, John Land Grant adj. J. Murden, 1705
  • Ivy Lease and release to William Whitehurst; Sarah and Robert Murden, 1727
  • Iliff, Dinah deed to Robert Murden, 1714
  • Iliffe, Thomas to Richard Cook, transactions, 1696
  • Iliffe, Thomas transactions with Griffin, 1698
  • Jones, Robert Lease and Release to Epa. Munden, 1747
  • Moore, Cason, Land Grant, 1715
  • Moore, Cason, Land Grant, 1764
  • Moseley, Luke deed to John Mundon, 1721
  • Munden, Epa. deed to Chappels, 1765
  • Munden, Epa. and Mary, Release of Dower to Lovitt, 1753
  • Munden, Epaphroditus deed to John Ackis
  • Munden deed, 1785
  • Munden, John, deed to William Holmes, 1754
  • Munden, John, Lease to Moses Munden, 1765
  • Munden, John , deed to Lamont, 1742
  • Mundey, John, Power of attorney, 1730
  • Munden, John and James Harrison, Agreement, 1729
  • Munden, John and Frances deed to Moses Roberts
  • Munden, Stephen and Anne Lease to Thom Henley, 1741
  • Munden, Stephen to Brock indenture, 1739
  • Murden,John, Land Grant from William Worthington, 1755
  • Murden, John and Martha Lease to Bush, 1717
  • Murdon, Robert, 1757
  • Murdon, Robert, deed, 1763
  • Murden, Robert and Lovett, Indentures, 1724
  • Murden, Sarah, Land grant of 97 acres, 1727
  • Rutland, William deed to John Munden, 1720
  • Tucker Land Grant adj. John Mund, 1738
  • Walke Lease, Release to John Munden, 1728 Whitehurst, 1758
  • Woodhouse, Ruth, gift deeds to children, 1696
Miscellaneous Wills, Estates
  • Cason, James Sr., 1761
  • Dixson, Robert
  • Fentris, Aron, last will and testament (1738) and Moses
  • Fentris Deed of Gift Haynes, James, LWT, 1726,
  • Haynes, Enoch, LWT (1753) (transcription)
  • Henly, Charles, 1747
  • Holmes, William (transcription)
  • Keeling, Alexander, 1703
  • Iliff, Thomas, 1707/1708
  • Iliffe, Thomas, inventory of estate, 1712
  • Lovett, Lancaster, LWT, 1700
  • Mackie, William, LWT (1795) (transcription)
  • Mackey, Jonathan, LWT (1795) (transcription)
  • Murden, Jeremiah, LWT1750
  • Munden, John, LWT and inventory of estate
  • Murden, Robert, inventory of estate, 1726
Minute Books
  • Minute Book 7, pages 25 to 26
Registered Marks
  • 1718 Registered Marks
  • 1723 Registered Marks
Maps
  • 1886 Map
Miscellaneous Marriage Contracts
  • Cason, William to Mary Smith
  • Munden, John to Any Gornto
Indexes to Probate Records and Deeds
  • 1724 to 1735
  • 1779 to 1780
  • 1782 to 1783
  • 1783 to 1785
  • 1785 to 1788
  • 1788 to 1790
  • 1792 to 1795
  • 1795 to 1798
  • 1798 to 1800
  • 1801 to 1803
Lists
  • 1785 Taxpayers
  • 1788 Delegates to Congress
  • June 1788 Election of Delegates to Congress
  • 1788 Poll of Dennis Dawley
  • 1788 Poll for Thomas Kempe
  • 1788 Delegates to Congress
  • 1789 Delegates to Congress
  • 1789 Freeholders
  • 1789 Poll of Voters for Anthony Walke
  • 1789 Poll of Voters for Edward Moseley
  • 1789 Poll of Voters for Thomas Lawson for General Assembly
  • 1796 Freeholders
  • 1799 Voters
  • 1800 Voters
  • 1803 Voters
Maps
  • 1736 Beverley Patent (map of names)
  • 1886 Map


Saturday, November 22, 2014

Gloucester Co. VA Images of Wills and Estates


Rosewell Plantation

Gloucester County, Virginia Court House Records

Pictured is the Walter Reed home in Gloucester, Virginia and the Rosewell Plantation. Gloucester County was created in 1651 but Indian activity dominated the scene. The fortress of Chief Powhatan was located on the north side of the river in Gloucester and Powhatan had built his home Werowocomoco on land that is now in Gloucester County. This location is where Princess Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powatan, saved Captain John Smith's life, earning both of them prominent places in our nation's history books. Apparently an order was given in the colony to erect brick courthouses because there is a menton the Middlesex County Ordewrs (1680-94) that the Gloucester court-house building was of brick and that the Middlesex Court House should be at least of equal goodness and dimensions " as ye brick court-house lately built in Gloucester County."

Gloucester County Wills, Estates, Marriages available to members of Virginia Pioneers

Marriages

Gloucester County Marriages to 1699

Miscellaneous Wills and Estates

Bernard, Robert
Blacknell, Charles
Leavit, Thomas
Roane, Alexander
Singleton, Robert, LWT

Digital Images of Wills 1862 to 1896
Testators: Allen, David ; Andrews, William ; Backhouse, John W. ; Baytop, Sarah A. ; Blake, James ; Bland, Archer ; Bland, Delilah Ann Elizabeth ; Bland, Scuyler ; Bohannon, John ; Bray, Thomas; Bristow, William; Bristow, William L.; Broaddus, Edwin; Brown, George Washington ; Brown, Randall; Bryan, Catharine A.; Bryan, Lucretia ; Bryan, Julia ; Burwell, Beverly; Cary, John R.; Catlett, John W. ; Cattell, Powell ; Catlett, Temple ; Chapman, Mary; Chapman, William ; Clarke, Colin ; Clayton, Lucy M.; Cooke, Peyton; Cooke, Thomas S. ; Cooke, Washington ; Curtis, Charles C. ; Cutler, Emily; Dabney, James K.; Daniel, Susan ; Davenport, James ; Dean, Gains; Deans, Josiah Herbert; Dews, Zachariah ; Dobson, John; Driver, Samuel; Duer, Isaac J. ;Duncan, Mary Frances ;Dunford, John W.; Dunn, Washington; Dutton, Elijah ;Eaves, Mary Harwood; Enos, Susan; Fambrose, Elizabeth ;Field, Humphrey ;Field, Lucy ;Field, William ;Fletcher, William R. ;Flowers, Lucy; Folkes, L. E., Mrs.; Fox, Eleanor ;Fox, Thomas Booth ;Foxwell, Nancy ;Freeman, Mark ;Freeman, William ;Gayle, Robin ;Graves, James C. ;Green, Randol ;Grissill, Lucy Ann; Guest, James; Gussett, Martha W.; Gussitt, William W.; Guthrie, Essex ;Hall, H. P. ; Hall, William F. ;Harwood, Thomas S. ;Hau, Robert ;Haynes, George ;Haywood, James C. ;Haywood, William B. ;Hiatt, Thomas ;Hibble, John L. ;Hibble, Letty R.; Hibble, William ;Hinkle, Catherine ;Hinman, Martha ;Hobday, William ;Hogg, John;Hogg, John (2) ;Howard, Lucy ;Hughes, George ; Hughes, John ; Hughes, Johnnie F. ;Jackman, Francis A. ; Jenkins, John ;Jones, Catesby; Jones, Fanny E.; Jones, John H.; Jones, William Catesby ; Kemp, Gregory ;Kemp, Sarah; Kilee, Thomas; Lambeth, Elizabeth ;Lambeth, William M. ;Landis, John ; Lewis, John T.; Mann, Charles ;Marchant, Thomas ;Marshall, Samuel Washington ;Massey, Edward Y.;Massey, William C. ;Massey, William Y.; Mason, Philip F. ;Mathias, Britton ;Medlicott, Joseph ;Medlicott, Samuel ; Mitchell, Rachel W. ; Monroe, Betsy ;Monroe, Elijah ;Moore, Henry M. ;Munford, George W. ;Nelson, Mary Augusta ;Page, Lucy Ann ;Page, P. R. ;Patterson, Charles; Pearce, George C. ;Pearce, John H. ;Penos, Samuel ;Perrin, William K. ;Perrin, Willis;Pointer, Seth ; Pointer, Thomas W.; Pointer, William D. ;Pratt, Benjamin ;Preben, Henry ;Proctor, Elizabeth ;Proctor, James H. ;Rayfield, William ;Richardson, Carlton ;Richeson, Leonard ;Roane, E. P. ;Roane, George A. ;Roane, Henry ;Roane, Samuel F. ;Robins, Elizabeth P. ;Robins, Thomas C. ;Rowe, Benjamin ;Rowe, Catherine ;Rowe, Robert R. ;Rowe, Robert S. ;Rowe, Thomas W. ;Roy, Martha ;Royston, Maria ;Sears, Edward ;Sears, Lucy A. ;Seawell, John H. ;Seawell, John T. ;Seawell, Thomas M.; Sedgwick, William; Selden, Robert ;Shackelford, George W. ;Sheldon, Harriett ;Shepard, Chancy B. ;Sinclair, John ;Singleton, Dorothy ;Smith, Frances ;Smith, Johnson ;Smith, Judith ;Smith, Peyton; Smith, Rachell ;Smith, Sally Kerr ;Smith, Sarah ;Smith, Thomas F. ;Smith, William ;Smither, John W. ;Smither, William T. ;Stewart, Robert H. ;Stubblefield, Julia A. ;Tabb, Evelina M. C. ;Tabb, John ;Tabb, John Prosser ;Taliaferro, Edwin ;Taliaferro, Fanny ;Taliaferro, Leah ;Taliaferro, William ;Tazewell, Frank; Thomas, William Sr.; Thornton, Thomas ;Thruston, Emanuel ;Thruston, John M. ;Thruston, Robert ;Thruston, William ;Tompkins, Evalina; Tyler, James ;Van Antwerk, Zoe ;Vandegriff, Henry ; Vaughan, Hetty ;Vaughan, William; Walker, John H. ;Walker, William S.; Walter, Margaret ;Ware, Ella S. ;Ware, James B. ;Watlington, Frances ;Wells, Moses E.; Wiggins, Maria ;Williams, Thomas ;Willis, John ; Withers, Alfred Dunham ;Wood, Randall

Walter Reed House in Gloucester, Virginia

Friday, November 21, 2014

Finding Ancestors in Great Britain

St. Margaret's Parish, org. ca 1752, near Westminister in London
Before the Virginia Colony was formed in 1607, most of its earliest immigrants were in England. That means that the genealogist and historian must determine that location.  In other words, the shire or parish. This is generally found from hints in the American records.  The oldest Virginia Wills and Testaments provide details concerning properties owned in England, as well as the names of relatives and friends.  Also, names of parishes.  Another source is deed records.  Then, there are immigration records which disclose the place of embarkation.  Coldham's The Complete Book of Emigrants 1607-1660 is an excellent resource.  Finally, tthere is the generalized research effort.  What I mean is reading old Wills (in the county/counties where your ancestor resided) is the way to go.  I mean, everybody's, all of them.  If you found one for your ancestor, then take notes on the names of witnesses, purchases of items, receipts given, and every person mentioned.  Then, search for those person's wills.  Neighbors married neighbors, socialized, shared a lifetime together.  That makes anyone mentioned in your ancestor's wills or deeds a very important source for learning who's who and how they were related.  The Land Patents are another good resource in discerning who received the first lands and approximately where they were located.  Remember, many persons came over as servants and did not own land until later.  In 1607 there were 105 settlers. By 1609, the Virginia Company sent 500 more. In 1621/1622 there was a massacre which killed hundreds of persons, yet by 1635 there were estimated to be about 5,000 persons.  That is not many people.  Thus, the names of neighbors accelerate in importance. It is noteworthy that members of the same families also stopped over in New England and did not settle in Virginia.  Those records also have a digging deeper factor.  The first item of research in England should be the parish register.  For generations, families attending the same parish.  There are three categories: christenings, marriages and mortuaries.  Your surnames from all three should be carefully written down with the idea of identifying families when you better understand the situation.  Meanwhile, Virginia Pioneers contains the images of old Virginia Wills and Estates which should save the researcher some time because there are tons of records to explore in Virginia as well as in Great Britain!

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